Newly Characterized Genes

CHECK HERE FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF NEWLY CHARACTERIZED MAIZE GENES!

With the overwhelming number of genes that are being discovered by phenotypic and sequence analyses, the MaizeGDB staff is missing some that should be included in MaizeGDB. We need your help! Please let us know about new genes that you're working on or have recently read about.

MaizeGDB prefers not to assign formal gene names to gene models based purely on orthology. Known difficulties include inclusivity (there are over 10,000 functionally characterized Arabidopsis genes)* and some likelihood of errors in inferred functions. Unlike gene models, gene names are generally conserved unless differently named genes are found to be allelic. Of particular note, naming priveleges are customarily held by researchers who first confirm function.

We encourage researchers to use the annotation tool on the MaizeGDB gene model pages to add their insights about putative function, especially when not currently part of the Phytozome or Gramene pipelines.

Below is a list of newly reported or newly characterized genes (new reference, new gene product, and/or new variation) with which you may not yet be familiar. The genes are sorted by the last time the gene has been updated. To suggest genes for inclusion in this list, email us and include the gene name, full name, chromosome or bin, and a recent reference.

If you cannot find the gene you would like to recommend in the database, send us an email so that we can add it to the database!

This page is based on our monthly release. The updates are made around 4:00am CST.


         Recommended Genes


One month | Six months | One year | All time

New or updated genes since one month ago. The cutoff date is February 20th, 2019.

Last UpdateGeneFull Name : DescriptionChromosome
or Bin
Gene
Model
Recent ReferenceOrthologsUpdate information
yesterdaytrps12 trehalose-6-phosphate synthase12: similar to alpha,alpha-trehalose-phosphate synthase [UDP-forming] 1 of A. thaliana
 
GRMZM2G133966
Zhou, ML et al. 2014. J Plant Growth Reg 33:256-271     Reference: June 26th, 2014
Gene Product: September 15th, 2013
Gene Model: March 19th, 2019
8 days agogl8b 3-ketoacyl reductase GL8B: encodes fatty acid elongase, paralogous to gl8, maps in syntenous region, expression distinct but similar, double mutant embryos are non-viable
4.05
GRMZM2G087323
Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: March 6th, 2007
Variation: December 6th, 2012
Gene Model: February 20th, 2015
Recommended by Marty Sachs:
March 7th, 2007
8 days agogl8 glossy8: (was gl10) like gl1; cuticle wax in rice-grain-type particles; cDNA probesimilar to Arabidopsis beta-ketoacyl reductase 1
5.05
   Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: June 14th, 2012
8 days agokn1 knotted1: dominant Kn1 plants have localized proliferation of tissue at vascular bundles on leaf
1.10
   Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Variation: December 6th, 2013
8 days agoubi1 ubiquitin1: genomic sequence, 7 contiguous direct ubiquitin repeats; transcript specific probe; promoter active in monocots, not in tobacco
 
GRMZM2G409726
Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: November 20th, 2014
Gene Model: November 18th, 2014
8 days agozag1 Zea AGAMOUS homolog1: amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA to inflorescence mRNA, 61% identical to Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene protein AG1; expression strong in female inflorescence; possibly pt1; SSR umc1187
6.05
   Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: September 1st, 2003
Variation: January 2nd, 2015
8 days agosi1 silky1: (aka ts8, ms-si) multiple silks in ear; sterile tassel with silks
6.01
   Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Variation: November 2nd, 2015
8 days agogl26 glossy26: like gl1similar to Arabidopsis enoyl reductase
8.02
GRMZM2G481843
Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: October 31st, 2018
Variation: October 31st, 2018
Gene Model: September 17th, 2018
8 days agodrl2 drooping leaf2: mutant enhances the phenotype of ifa1 mutants (a.k.a. drl1)
9.06
GRMZM2G102218
Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181   AT1G69180 (TAIR)
LOC_Os03g11600 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: July 12th, 2017
Gene Model: October 16th, 2015
8 days agoifa1 indeterminate floral apex1: mutants have perturbed floral and inflorescence meristems as well as droopy leaves with increased angle
 
GRMZM2G088309
Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181   AT1G69180 (TAIR)
LOC_Os03g11600 (MSU/TIGR)
Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: July 13th, 2017
Gene Model: October 16th, 2015
8 days agoggt1 geranylgeranyl transferase1: when expressed in maize callus, it as more resistant to maize insect pests and ear rot fungi
 
GRMZM2G151087
Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: January 9th, 2018
Gene Model: January 8th, 2018
8 days agoelo1 elongation defective-like1:
 
GRMZM2G037152
Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: November 1st, 2018
Gene Model: March 12th, 2019
8 days agoyab15 yabby15:
5.05
   Strable, J; Vollbrecht, E. 2019. Development pp.doi: 10.1242/dev.171181     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: October 16th, 2015
Variation: December 30th, 2014
8 days agokcs1 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase1:
8.03
GRMZM2G393897
Campbell, AA et al. 2019. PLoS One 14:e0213620     Reference: March 12th, 2019
Gene Product: November 1st, 2018
Gene Model: March 12th, 2019
12 days agoaasr1 abscisic acid stress ripening1: protects the major ARS protein in maize; protects kernel yield under water deficit; SSR pio059, IDP9044
10.02
GRMZM2G136910
Yao, CT et al. 2019. J Plant Growth Reg pp.doi: 10.1007/s00344-019-09934-9     Reference: March 8th, 2019
Gene Product: January 2nd, 2019
Variation: December 30th, 2011
Gene Model: November 1st, 2011
12 days agowx1 waxy1: amylopectin (stained red by iodine) replaces amylose (blue staining) in endosperm and pollen; extensive allelic series; application: highly branched starch has gelling properties, used for food gels, adhesives, and other industrial purposes; SSRs phi022, 027, 061NCBI: granule-bound starch synthase 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic
9.03
   Wu, XY et al. 2019. Genet Resour Crop Evol pp.doi: 10.1007/s10722-019-00763-z     Reference: March 8th, 2019
Gene Product: June 4th, 2008
Variation: March 8th, 2019
12 days agobzip22 bZIP-transcription factor 22: Locus designated and assigned to a transcription factor family by the GRASSIUS project (Yilmaz et al 2009) , which also provided the mappings to the B73_Reference Genome sequence v2 gene models.
 
   Dong, Q et al. 2019. Plant Sci pp.doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.03.001   AT1G43700 (TAIR) Reference: March 8th, 2019
Gene Product: August 21st, 2018
Variation: September 24th, 2018
12 days agotpj1 translation of psbJ1: encodes a chloroplast-localized PPR protein that is required for the translation of the chloroplast psbJ ORF
 
GRMZM2G056116
Williams-Carrier, R et al. 2019. Plant J pp.doi: 10.1111/tpj.14308   AT3G46610 (TAIR) Reference: March 8th, 2019
Gene Product: December 27th, 2016
Variation: March 8th, 2019
Gene Model: March 14th, 2018
13 days agorbm48 RNA binding motif protein 48: Encodes a U12 splicing factor; mutants have a rough endosperm phenotype
 
GRMZM2G163247
Zuo, Y et al. 2019. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12798     Reference: March 7th, 2019
Gene Product: March 7th, 2019
Variation: March 7th, 2019
Gene Model: February 15th, 2019
15 days agorel2 ramosa1 enhancer locus2: rel2 mutants dramatically increase the formation of long branches in ears of both ra1 and ra2 mutants
10.03
   Liu, X; Galli, M; Camehl, I; Gallavotti, A. 2018. Plant Physiol. 0:doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00913     Reference: March 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Variation: October 23rd, 2018
15 days agotpl1 topless-related1:
 
GRMZM2G316967
Liu, X; Galli, M; Camehl, I; Gallavotti, A. 2018. Plant Physiol. 0:doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00913     Reference: March 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Gene Model: December 12th, 2016
15 days agotpl2 topless-related2:
 
GRMZM2G030422
Liu, X; Galli, M; Camehl, I; Gallavotti, A. 2018. Plant Physiol. 0:doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00913     Reference: March 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Gene Model: December 12th, 2016
15 days agorelk3 rel2-like3:
9.06
GRMZM2G550865
Liu, X; Galli, M; Camehl, I; Gallavotti, A. 2018. Plant Physiol. 0:doi: 10.1104/pp.18.00913     Reference: March 5th, 2019
Gene Product: October 23rd, 2018
Gene Model: October 23rd, 2018
16 days agoatg12 autophagy12: Mutants are phenotypically normal and fertile when grown under nutrient-rich conditions. However, when nitrogen-starved, seedling growth is severely arrested, and as the plants mature, they show enhanced leaf senescence and stunted ear development.
 
GRMZM5G842517
McLoughlin, F, et al. 2018. Nature Plants. 0:doi: 10.1038/s41477-018-0299-2     Reference: March 4th, 2019
Variation: August 15th, 2017
Gene Model: August 15th, 2017
19 days agowgs1 white green sectors1: white seedling with green sectors
5.07 - 5.08
   Neuffer, MG and England, DJ. 1995. MNL 69:43-46     Reference: September 1st, 2003
Variation: March 1st, 2019
19 days agozag2 Zea AGAMOUS homolog2: amino acid sequence, deduced from cDNA sequence, has 49% identity to Arabidopsis, floral homeotic gene product; expression restricted to female inflorescence; near ts4
3.05 - 3.05
   Dong, Q et al. 2019. Sci. Rep. 9:3253     Reference: March 1st, 2019
Gene Product: April 1st, 2011
Variation: October 22nd, 2014
21 days agomre11a meiotic recombination protein 11 homolog A: transgenic expression has positive role in plant salt tolerance (Luo et al., 2019)
 
GRMZM2G106056
Luo, X et al. 2019. J Integr Plant Biol pp.doi: 10.1111/jipb.12797     Reference: February 27th, 2019
Variation: May 10th, 2017
Gene Model: January 27th, 2017
22 days agocah6 carbonic anhydrase6: predicted beta carbonic anhydrase
8.06
GRMZM2G094165
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Gene Model: July 31st, 2014
22 days agocah2 carbonic anhydrase2: with cah1 promotes leaf CO2 availability for photosynthesis (Studer et al 2014)
 
GRMZM2G348512
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Variation: May 25th, 2018
Gene Model: July 31st, 2014
22 days agocah3 carbonic anhydrase3:
 
GRMZM2G348512
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Gene Model: August 5th, 2014
22 days agocah1 carbonic anhydrase1: C4 carbonic anhydrase; higher transcripts in mesophyll cells (Tausta 2014); double mutants with cah2 virutally remove this activity from leaf (Studer et al 2014).
 
GRMZM2G121878
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Variation: May 25th, 2018
Gene Model: July 31st, 2014
22 days agocah4 carbonic anhydrase4: putative mitochondrial carbonic anhydrase (Studer et al 2014)
 
GRMZM2G414528
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Gene Model: July 31st, 2014
22 days agocah5 carbonic anhydrase5: predicted mitochondrial carbonic anhydrase
 
GRMZM2G145101
Kolbe, AR et al. 2019. BMC Genomics 20:138     Reference: February 26th, 2019
Gene Product: February 26th, 2019
Gene Model: July 31st, 2014
23 days agodef4 defensin-like protein4:
 
GRMZM2G153488
Vi, TXT et al. 2019. Mol Biol Rep pp.doi: 10.1007/s11033-019-04670-5     Reference: February 25th, 2019
Gene Product: July 25th, 2018
Gene Model: September 16th, 2017
23 days agoIDP137  :
3.07
GRMZM2G176912
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP1480  : simiar to DEAD-box ATP-dependent RNA helicase 14 of A. thaliana
3.09
GRMZM2G078826
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP149  : similar to proteasome subunit alpha type-3 A. thaliana
3.06
GRMZM2G445100
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP158  :
3.09
GRMZM2G175076
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP1617  : similar to 3-hydroxyisobutyrate dehydrogenase of A. thaliana
3.07
GRMZM5G818186
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP2348  : similar to pinoid-binding protein 1 of A. thaliana
3.06
GRMZM2G062283
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP2368  :
3.07
GRMZM2G042548
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP253  :
3.09
GRMZM2G094428
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP264  :
3.06
GRMZM2G096920
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP284  :
3.09
GRMZM2G463032
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP366  :
3.07
GRMZM2G042099
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP427  :
3.09
GRMZM2G034943
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP494  :
3.09
GRMZM2G049866
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP518  :
3.09
GRMZM2G120619
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP546  : similar to glyoxalase II 3 of A. thaliana
3.08
GRMZM5G816356
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP624  :
3.09
GRMZM2G019386
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP748  :
3.08
GRMZM2G092152
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP783  : similar to lavodoxin-like protein of A. thaliana
3.07
GRMZM2G069865
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agoIDP798  :
3.09
GRMZM2G036050
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
23 days agopco139502b  :
3.08
GRMZM2G152686
Basse, C. 2005. Plant Physiol. 138:1774-1784     Reference: November 23rd, 2011
Gene Product: April 8th, 2011
Variation: April 17th, 2008
Gene Model: February 25th, 2019
24 days agoumc2269  :
3.06
GRMZM2G145753
    Variation: February 24th, 2019
Gene Model: April 3rd, 2018
24 days agoIDP138  :
3.05
GRMZM2G439884
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP1433  :
3.05
GRMZM2G155096
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP1696  : similar to vacuolar protein sorting 55 domain-containing protein of A. thaliana
3.05
GRMZM2G174221
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP1698  :
3.05
GRMZM2G099496
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP227  :
3.05
AC209377.3_FG003
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP351  :
3.09
GRMZM2G057853
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP49  :
3.05
GRMZM2G136262
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP583  :
3.08
GRMZM2G178244
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP667  :
3.05
GRMZM2G006277
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP692  :
3.05
GRMZM2G349187
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP73  : similar to beta-galactosidase 10 of A. thaliana
3.06
GRMZM2G038281
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
24 days agoIDP813  : similar to 50S ribosomal protein L13 of A. thaliana
3.07
GRMZM2G043212
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 24th, 2019
25 days agomkk3 MAP kinase kinase3: stress response; induced by abscisic acid
 
GRMZM2G004468
Zhang, M; et al. 2012. J Plant Physiol. 169:1501-10     Reference: July 10th, 2013
Gene Product: July 10th, 2013
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agosweet17a sugars will eventually be exported transporter17a:
 
GRMZM2G106462
Sosso, D et al. 2015. Nature Genetics 47:1489-1493     Reference: February 17th, 2017
Gene Product: November 4th, 2015
Variation: February 23rd, 2019
Gene Model: November 3rd, 2015
25 days agoIDP125  : similar to Optic atrophy 3 protein (OPA3) of A. thaliana
3.00
GRMZM2G047509
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP1475  :
3.04
GRMZM2G326465
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP1634  :
3.04
GRMZM2G119778
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP2429  :
3.00
GRMZM2G093104
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP2443  : similar to syntaxin-22 of A. thaliana
3.04
GRMZM2G120115
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP319  :
3.04
GRMZM2G135322
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP370  :
3.04
GRMZM2G108847
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP428  :
3.04
GRMZM2G033626
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP491  :
3.04
GRMZM2G034896
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP506  :
3.05
GRMZM2G301172
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP664  : similar to Enolase-phosphatase E1 of A. thaliana
3.04
GRMZM2G111164
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP703  :
3.01
GRMZM2G153181
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP876  :
3.04
GRMZM2G035305
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019
25 days agoIDP94  :
3.04
GRMZM2G083111
    Variation: March 31st, 2005
Gene Model: February 23rd, 2019

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